This book provides clinicians treating athletes at the point of care with concise, practical keys to evaluation and functional treatment of sports-related problems. It is organized by chief complaint and guides clinicians to a rational differential diagnosis, a thorough history and physical exam, appropriate diagnostic testing, an accurate diagnosis, a sports-specific treatment plan, and safe return-to-play recommendations. Bulleted sections, icons, and a uniform layout help readers quickly find key information to make a diagnosis, order tests, initiate treatment, recognize indications for referral, and identify red flags. Appendices describe injection techniques and detail progressive return-to-play programs for throwing and running athletes.
Sports Injuries of the Ankle and Foot presents both surgical and non-surgical protocols for the treatment of both simple and complex sports-related injuries of the foot and ankle. This comprehensive, one-source reference is divided into anatomical sections: the forefoot, the midfoot, the hindfoot, the ankle, tendon disorders, and orthotics and braces - each enhanced by rehabilitation procedures and algorithms. This easy-to-use format enables the physician to formulate a treatment plan and compare the various surgical and non-surgical options for a variety of injuries including: stress and other fractures, ankle instability, ruptures, sprain, ligament injuries, tendonitis, lesions, and neuropathies. As more internists and family physicians increase the scope of their practices to include sports medicine, this book reaches beyond the orthopaedic surgery market and will become a widely referred to source for the treatment of these common injuries.
Providing comprehensive discussion of this newly developing branch of sports medicine, this unique and up-to-date book focuses specifically on the treatment of athletes who train for and participate in endurance sporting events, including not only traditional endurance athletes such as runners, swimmers, bikers and triathletes, but also rowers, adventure racers, military personnel, and cross-fit athletes. Detailing strategies for not only treating and preventing injuries and conditions but also for optimizing an athlete's performance, it is divided into three thematic sections. The first section covers common medical conditions faced by the endurance athlete, including cardiovascular conditions, asthma, and heat- and altitude-related illnesses, while also discussing gender differences, pregnancy and the pediatric endurance athlete. Section two focuses on the management of common musculoskeletal conditions, such as stress fractures, overuse injuries of the soft tissue, compartment syndrome, shoulder and hip injuries, and exercise and osteoarthritis. The last section presents special considerations for the endurance athlete, including gait and swim-stroke analysis, bike fitting, mental preparation, optimizing nutrition, and how to organize medical coverage for events, as well as decision-making for return to play. A timely topic and one which has not been written about extensively in one concise collection of chapters, Endurance Sports Medicine is a valuable guide for sports medicine physicians, orthopedists, athletic trainers, physical therapists, coaches, officials, and athletes in understanding the needs of the determined individuals who participate in endurance sports.
How does the brain code and process incoming information, how does it recog- nize a certain object, how does a certain Gestalt come into our awareness? One of the key issues to conscious realization of an object, of a Gestalt is the attention de- voted to the corresponding sensory input which evokes the neural pattern underly- ing the Gestalt. This requires that the attention be devoted to one set of objects at a time. However, the attention may be switched quickly between different objects or ongoing input processes. It is to be expected that such mechanisms are reflected in the neural dynamics: Neurons or neuronal assemblies which pertain to one object may fire, possibly in rapid bursts at a time. Such firing bursts may enhance the synaptic strength in the corresponding cell assembly and thereby form the substrate of short-term memory. However, we may well become aware of two different objects at a time. How can we avoid that the firing patterns which may relate to say a certain type of move- ment (columns in V5) or to a color (V 4) of one object do not become mixed with those of another object? Such a blend may only happen if the presentation times be- come very short (below 20-30 ms). One possibility is that neurons pertaining to one cell assembly fire syn- chronously. Then different cell assemblies firing at different rates may code different information.
Anything goes during Carnival, and two men are about to discover just how hot the nights can get in Rio. A long-time member of a samba school, Pablo knows that Carnival in his hometown of Rio de Janeiro is always hot, and the tall, sexy man he hooks up with during the festivities is even hotter. He usually doesn't go back for repeats, but something about Diego has him working harder than he ever has to try to meet up again. Diego travels all over the world on the pro beach volleyball tour, but has found that the sexiest man he's ever met lives right there in Rio. After a few false starts, they finally seem to hit a groove, but as time goes on, ghosts from Pablo's past begin to affect their present. It's tough being the partner of a professional athlete, competing with travel, fans and training for their limited time. Pablo's always been let down by people who found it easy to leave him behind. Is he prepared to accept what Diego can offer?