1 Introduction, 1.2 The phenomenon and its main parameters; 1.3 The topography of a drainage area; 1.4 Modeling the phenomenon; 2. The classical representation of the sediment transport; 2.1 The representation of the flow; 2.2 The classical bed load theories; 3 Turbulence and the statistical aspects of the sediment transport; 3.1 The incipient motion; 3.2 Statistical bed load models; 3.3 Transport in suspension; 3.4 The total sediment transport; 3.5 Critical remarks; 4 Saturation and asymptotic states; 4.1 Sediment transport as a dynamical process; 4.2 Hypotheses of extremum principle; 4.3 The expanded description of grass; 4.4 Limitations; 5 Problematic issues; 5.1 Assumptions and consequences of rheological nature; 5.2 Non-local properties of the flow field; 5.3 Non-linear processes; 6 Scales; 6.1 The river as a system and its hydrological scales; 6.2 The scaling of the turbulent flow; 7 Roughness and roughness elements; 7.1 Similarity consideration in the Range of constant wallshear stress; 7.2 Sand roughness; 7.3 d-roughness; 7.4 Real roughness; 8 Flow-separation, topology and vortical dynamics; 8.1 Flow separation; 8.2 Basics in topology; 8.3 Separation bubbles; 8.4 Vortex tubes and vortex interactions; 9 Fine-sand dynamics; 9.1 Stable beds and incipient motion; 9.2 Sediment stripes as a bed form; 9.3 The arrowhead like bed forms; 9.4 The ripple formation; 9.5 Dunes of fine-sand; 9.6 Antidunes; 10 Mixtures of medium grain sizes; 10.1 Armoring; 10.2 Turbulence dominated sediment transport; 10.3 Sediment transport dominated by separation; 10.4 Induced secondary flows; 10.5 Bed forms due to sorting effects; 11 Gravel beds; 11.1 Transport processes on gravel beds; 11.2 Separation versus turbulence; 11.3 Bed forms in gravel beds; 11.4 Complexity and outlooks; 12 Data and strategies to calculate sediment transport; 12.1 The input parameters; 12.2 Coherent structures; 12.3 Turbulent flows; 12.4 Flow with separations; 12.5 Suspended load; 12.6 The significance of experiments for the simulations; 13 Literature; 14 Appendix; 14.1 Albert Einstein's letter of recommendation for his son; 14.2 Tables; 14.3 Graphs; 14.4 Symbols; 15 Subject Index
This collection illustrates the expansiveness of an interdisciplinary approach to the study of sport. While rooted in anthropology, these essays consider American sports in their social, economic, cultural and political aspects, charting their evolution. The book draws from history, sociology, and political science; as well as considering the relationship between the developed and developing world; and culture and masculinity.
The first part of the book considers the local and global interplay of professional baseball, covering:
The second part of the book is concerned with the cultural examination of the responsiveness of masculinity to social and cultural forces, examining:
This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society
Understanding Sport as a Religious Phenomenon introduces students to the rapidly growing field of religion and sport. Including global case studies, discussion questions, suggestions for further reading, 20 illustrations, and a glossary, it is ideal for teaching courses on sport and spirituality, religion and sport, and religion and popular culture.
Readers are introduced to a range of theoretical and methodological approaches used in the study of religion - including sociology, philosophy, psychology, and anthropology - and how they can be used to query a diverse range of case studies from the world of sport. Topics include the formation of powerful communities among fans and the religious experience of the fan, myth, symbols and rituals and the sacrality of sport, and sport and secularization. Case studies are taken from around the world and include the Olympics past and future, football in the UK, the All Blacks and New Zealand national identity, college football in the American South, and basketball.
Ideal for classroom use, Understanding Sport as a Religious Phenomenon illuminates the nature of religion through sports phenomena and is a much-needed contribution to the field of religion and popular culture.
The explosion of sports history literature in the late 20th/early 21st century has made it increasingly difficult to keep abreast of what is published: the annual number of publications has increased from around 250 to 1000 a year over the last decade. This is due in part to the fact that during the late 1980s and 90s, many clubs, leagues and governing bodies of sport have celebrated their centenaries and produced histories to mark this occasion and commemorate their achievements. It is also the result of the growing popularity and realization of the importance and significance of sports history research within academe. This international bibliography of books, articles, conference proceedings and essays in the English language is a one-stop shop for the sports historian wanting to keep abreast of what is new.