Understanding Sport as a Religious Phenomenon introduces students to the rapidly growing field of religion and sport. Including global case studies, discussion questions, suggestions for further reading, 20 illustrations, and a glossary, it is ideal for teaching courses on sport and spirituality, religion and sport, and religion and popular culture.
Readers are introduced to a range of theoretical and methodological approaches used in the study of religion - including sociology, philosophy, psychology, and anthropology - and how they can be used to query a diverse range of case studies from the world of sport. Topics include the formation of powerful communities among fans and the religious experience of the fan, myth, symbols and rituals and the sacrality of sport, and sport and secularization. Case studies are taken from around the world and include the Olympics past and future, football in the UK, the All Blacks and New Zealand national identity, college football in the American South, and basketball.
Ideal for classroom use, Understanding Sport as a Religious Phenomenon illuminates the nature of religion through sports phenomena and is a much-needed contribution to the field of religion and popular culture.
1 Introduction, 1.2 The phenomenon and its main parameters; 1.3 The topography of a drainage area; 1.4 Modeling the phenomenon; 2. The classical representation of the sediment transport; 2.1 The representation of the flow; 2.2 The classical bed load theories; 3 Turbulence and the statistical aspects of the sediment transport; 3.1 The incipient motion; 3.2 Statistical bed load models; 3.3 Transport in suspension; 3.4 The total sediment transport; 3.5 Critical remarks; 4 Saturation and asymptotic states; 4.1 Sediment transport as a dynamical process; 4.2 Hypotheses of extremum principle; 4.3 The expanded description of grass; 4.4 Limitations; 5 Problematic issues; 5.1 Assumptions and consequences of rheological nature; 5.2 Non-local properties of the flow field; 5.3 Non-linear processes; 6 Scales; 6.1 The river as a system and its hydrological scales; 6.2 The scaling of the turbulent flow; 7 Roughness and roughness elements; 7.1 Similarity consideration in the Range of constant wallshear stress; 7.2 Sand roughness; 7.3 d-roughness; 7.4 Real roughness; 8 Flow-separation, topology and vortical dynamics; 8.1 Flow separation; 8.2 Basics in topology; 8.3 Separation bubbles; 8.4 Vortex tubes and vortex interactions; 9 Fine-sand dynamics; 9.1 Stable beds and incipient motion; 9.2 Sediment stripes as a bed form; 9.3 The arrowhead like bed forms; 9.4 The ripple formation; 9.5 Dunes of fine-sand; 9.6 Antidunes; 10 Mixtures of medium grain sizes; 10.1 Armoring; 10.2 Turbulence dominated sediment transport; 10.3 Sediment transport dominated by separation; 10.4 Induced secondary flows; 10.5 Bed forms due to sorting effects; 11 Gravel beds; 11.1 Transport processes on gravel beds; 11.2 Separation versus turbulence; 11.3 Bed forms in gravel beds; 11.4 Complexity and outlooks; 12 Data and strategies to calculate sediment transport; 12.1 The input parameters; 12.2 Coherent structures; 12.3 Turbulent flows; 12.4 Flow with separations; 12.5 Suspended load; 12.6 The significance of experiments for the simulations; 13 Literature; 14 Appendix; 14.1 Albert Einstein's letter of recommendation for his son; 14.2 Tables; 14.3 Graphs; 14.4 Symbols; 15 Subject Index
Over the past ten years, the study of mobility has demonstrated groundbreaking approaches and new research patterns. These investigations criticize the concept of mobility itself, suggesting the need to merge transport and communication research, and to approach the topic with novel instruments and new methodologies. Following the debates on the role of users in shaping transport technology, new mobility research includes debates from sociology, planning, economy, geography, history, and anthropology.
This edited volume examines how users, policy-makers, and industrial managers have organized and continue to organize mobility, with a particularly attention to Europe, North America, and Asia. Taking a long-term and comparative perspective, the volume brings together thirteen chapters from the fields of urban studies, history, cultural studies, and geography. Covering a variety of countries and regions, these chapters investigate how various actors have shaped transport systems, creating models of mobility that differ along a number of dimensions, including public vs. private ownership and operation as well as individual vs. collective forms of transportation. The contributions also examine the extent to which initial models have created path dependencies in terms of technology, physical infrastructure, urban development, and cultural and behavioral preferences that limit subsequent choices.
This book arose from courses taught by the authors, and is designed for both instructional and reference use during and after a first course in algebraic topology. It is a handbook for users who want to calculate, but whose main interests are in applications using the current literature, rather than in developing the theory. Typical areas of applications are differential geometry and theoretical physics. We start gently, with numerous pictures to illustrate the fundamental ideas and constructions in homotopy theory that are needed in later chapters. We show how to calculate homotopy groups, homology groups and cohomology rings of most of the major theories, exact homotopy sequences of fibrations, some important spectral sequences, and all the obstructions that we can compute from these. Our approach is to mix illustrative examples with those proofs that actually develop transferable calculational aids. We give extensive appendices with notes on background material, extensive tables of data, and a thorough index. Audience: Graduate students and professionals in mathematics and physics.
Atomic transport in solids is a field of growing importance in solid state physics and chemistry, and one which, moreover, has important implications in several areas of materials science. This growth is due first to an increase in the understanding of the fund- amentals of transport processes in solids. Of equal importance, however, have been the improvements in the last decade in the experi- mental techniques available for the investigation of transport phenomena. The advances in technique have stimulated studies of a wider range of materials; and expansion of the field has been strong- ly encouraged by the increasing range of applied areas where transport processes play an essential role. For example, mass transport phenomena play a critical role in the technology of fabrication of components in the electronics industry. Transport processes are involved both during the fabrication and operation of devices and with the growing trend to miniaturisation there are increasing demands on accurate control of diffusion processes. The present book (which is based on a NATO sponsored Advanced Study Institute held in 1981 at Lannion, France) aims to present a general survey of the subject, highlighting those areas where work has been especially active in recent years.